5G Towers

5G Towers: Powering Faster Mobile Connectivity for UK Businesses

According to the UK’s Secretary of State, Michelle Donelan, “5G will be the cornerstone of our digital economy. With higher capacity and lower latency, standalone 5G will drive growth in the industries of today and tomorrow”. Speaking in the UK Wireless Infrastructure Strategy, Michelle continues: “Last year, we met our ambition to deliver a basic 5G signal for the majority of the population by 2027 – 5 years early. And we have redoubled our efforts to build gigabit broadband in remote regions like Cornwall or Cumbria.”

What is a 5G tower?

A 5G tower is essentially a tall, often white, mast that’s usually visible in public equipped with a radio transmitter on top, usually owned or managed by a mobile network provider or a private company like Shared Access. Across the world, these towers can reach heights of up to 200 feet, equivalent to the stature of an airport control tower or a 20-story building. However, in certain areas of Europe, there are restrictions that cap their height at 50 feet.

More broadly, 5G towers are the telecoms infrastructure needed to deliver the next generation of mobile internet to users, offering significantly faster speeds, lower latency and higher capacity compared to existing 4G networks. If you’re a UK business exploring your mobile connectivity options like a private network, here’s how 5G towers can help you, especially if you’re in densely populated areas like offices, stadiums and leisure facilities for example.

How do 5G towers work?

Much like a typical telecom tower – also known as a cell tower or mobile phone mast – they function as integral components of a city’s mobile network infrastructure and are equipped with high-frequency radio antennas and electronic communications equipment. Here’s a brief look into how they operate:

Transmission & Reception

In the ‘Transmission and Reception’ phase within 5G towers, antennas and transceivers play a pivotal role. The antennas are designed to emit radio signals that mobile devices can detect and connect to, enabling data exchange. Conversely, these antennas also pick up signals sent from devices, ensuring two-way communication.

Transceivers within the tower handle the conversion of digital data from the network into radio frequencies for outbound signals and vice versa for inbound signals from devices. This dual-function setup is fundamental for the seamless interaction between the network and a variety of devices, from smartphones and tablets to the myriad gadgets that make up the Internet of Things (IoT), facilitating a wide range of digital communications and services.

High Frequency Bands

5G technology employs higher frequency bands, often referred to as millimetre waves, which allow for the transmission of data at significantly faster rates than the lower frequencies used by earlier mobile network generations. These elevated frequencies enable the network to handle more data simultaneously, catering to the increasing demand for bandwidth-intensive applications.

However, the trade-off is that these higher frequencies have a more limited range and can be more easily obstructed by physical barriers such as buildings and foliage, affecting signal clarity and reach. This characteristic necessitates a denser network of 5G towers or small cell sites to ensure comprehensive coverage and maintain high-speed connectivity.

Small Cells (5G)

To mitigate the range and penetration challenges posed by the high-frequency signals of 5G, networks utilise ‘small cells’,  which are compact, low-power base stations. These small cells are strategically positioned in dense clusters throughout urban landscapes, affixed to easily accessible structures like street lamps and the sides of buildings.

Their deployment is critical for filling coverage gaps and boosting signal strength in areas where traditional larger cell towers may not reach effectively. By doing so, small cells help sustain the high-speed, reliable connectivity that 5G promises, especially in crowded city environments where the demand for data is substantial.


Beamforming is a sophisticated technique employed in 5G networks where the antennas on a tower focus the radio waves into narrow beams directed towards specific users, rather than broadcasting in all directions. This targeted approach enhances the efficiency of signal transmission, ensuring stronger and more reliable connections for the intended recipients.

By concentrating the signal power where it’s needed most, beamforming minimises interference with other devices and optimises network capacity, allowing for faster data transmission rates and supporting a greater number of concurrent users without degradation in service quality.

Network Slicing

Network slicing in 5G networks involves partitioning a single physical network into multiple virtual networks, each designed to serve a distinct set of requirements and applications. This enables the network to provide customised services with varying levels of bandwidth, latency and security.

For example, one slice could be optimised for high-speed data services like video streaming, requiring large bandwidth, while another could be configured for IoT devices, prioritising energy efficiency and wide coverage. This tailored approach allows 5G networks to accommodate diverse demands simultaneously, improving overall network utilisation and user experience.

Leveraging 5G towers for UK business

In our commitment to pioneering connectivity solutions, we’ve evolved as a build-to-suit entity, accelerating our methodologies from initial location search to comprehensive estate management. Our streamlined approach to site deployment emphasises rapid identification and development of new locations in collaboration with our portfolio partners, ensuring that we not only fund the entire process independently but also meticulously oversee every development phase.

Here are the ways in which our customers are benefiting from 5G towers.

Unprecedented connectivity

The rapid deployment of 5G towers lays the groundwork for unparalleled network performance, characterised by high-speed internet and minimal latency. This enhanced connectivity is crucial for businesses that depend on real-time data exchange, enabling activities such as instantaneous streaming, rapid file sharing and seamless video conferencing.

Improved customer experience

For customer-facing venues like sports stadiums, entertainment complexes and retail centres, 5G offers the ability to drastically improve the visitor experience. This includes enabling lightning-fast mobile payment systems, leveraging real-time data for smarter crowd management and introducing innovative augmented reality (AR) features for interactive customer engagements. Such enhancements not only elevate the customer experience but also streamline operations and potentially increase revenue through new digital services.

Boosted operational productivity

In office environments, 5G can significantly improve productivity by enhancing the performance of cloud-based tools and applications. The near-instantaneous data transfer minimises delays, allowing for real-time collaboration, efficient remote working and agile decision-making processes. This can be particularly beneficial for tasks that require heavy data usage or fast turnaround times like real-time financial data analysis and video streaming software applications.

Innovation opportunities

Beyond immediate operational improvements, 5G opens up vast opportunities for businesses to innovate and stay ahead of the curve. The high bandwidth and low latency of 5G are ideal for supporting the Internet of Things (IoT) devices, from smart office gadgets to industrial sensors, enabling a new level of automation and smart technology integration. This connectivity can drive efficiencies, reduce costs and create new business models centred around connected services and data-driven insights.

For More Information

Our expert telecommunications infrastructure team brings a wealth of experience, particularly in crafting unique solutions such as in-building systems, private networks and mast space leasing, which are critical components of a resilient network. For more information on maximising your site’s digital network efficiency and resiliency, click here to speak to one of our team